Developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy
Parenting programs generally aim to establish desirable change in parental behavior and thereby reduce problematic child behavior .
These programs are usually, according to the classification of prevention, divided into universal, selective, and indicated levels .
Parents and parenting are therefore essential to target within the field of health promotion and prevention of mental health problems for children [1, 2].
One way to support parents is to offer participation in parent group programs .
As programs designed to promote children’s health and well-being are scarce, a new health-promotion program, All Children in Focus, has been developed.
Morawska and colleagues  reported reduced child behavior problems, improved parenting styles, and parental self-efficacy from a brief universal parenting discussion group (one session and two follow-up telephone consultations).
The parents also reported experiencing less impact from child difficulties .
Another example of a universally offered program is a shortened version (six sessions) of the Incredible Years program.
However, further research is needed to investigate long-term effects and mediating variables, as well as the potential cost-effectiveness of the program.
Children usually spend a great amount of time with their parents.