Developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy

Parenting programs generally aim to establish desirable change in parental behavior and thereby reduce problematic child behavior [3].

These programs are usually, according to the classification of prevention, divided into universal, selective, and indicated levels [4].

Parents and parenting are therefore essential to target within the field of health promotion and prevention of mental health problems for children [1, 2].

One way to support parents is to offer participation in parent group programs [1].

As programs designed to promote children’s health and well-being are scarce, a new health-promotion program, All Children in Focus, has been developed.

developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy-41developing and validating a tool to measure parenting self efficacy-4

Morawska and colleagues [12] reported reduced child behavior problems, improved parenting styles, and parental self-efficacy from a brief universal parenting discussion group (one session and two follow-up telephone consultations).

The parents also reported experiencing less impact from child difficulties [10].

Another example of a universally offered program is a shortened version (six sessions) of the Incredible Years program.

However, further research is needed to investigate long-term effects and mediating variables, as well as the potential cost-effectiveness of the program.

Children usually spend a great amount of time with their parents.

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